Teeth sensitivity can affect anyone irrespective of age and gender. It often occurs when you consume hot, cold, sweet, or sour foods and drinks, or by simply breathing extremely cold air. Sensitivity can develop in the form of pain that may vary in intensity being sharp, sudden, and shooting pain that radiates into the tooth nerve endings. Treatment options offered at the Coconut Creek Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry Center may include fluoride treatment, desensitizing toothpaste, and dental bonding. 

Read further to know everything about teeth sensitivity. 

What is teeth sensitivity?

Teeth sensitivity, also known as dentin hypersensitivity, is an unpleasant feeling that occurs when the underlying layer of your teeth (dentin) becomes exposed. It is characterized by sudden, sharp, temporary pain, or discomfort in one or more teeth when exposed to certain stimuli. These stimuli may include hot, or cold temperatures, sweet or acidic foods and drinks, or even brushing and flossing. 

What causes teeth sensitivity?

Many factors can result in the development of teeth sensitivity. These include:

    • Brushing too hard 
      • Brushing too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush over time can wear down enamel and cause the dentin to be exposed. 
  • Gum recession 
      • Thin gum tissues, especially during periodontal disease can pull away from the tooth exposing the roots. 
  • Cracked teeth
      • Chipped or broken teeth may fill with bacteria from plaque and enter the pulp, causing inflammation.
  • Bruxism
      • Increased involuntary teeth grinding may wear down the enamel and expose underlying dentin. 
    • Using teeth whitening products 
      • Some teeth whitening products can increase the acid release that can erode the enamel and expose the dentin leading to pain and sensitivity.
    • Aging 
      • As you age the enamel layer may deplete causing increased tooth sensitivity.
  • Acidic foods
    • Consumption of foods with high acid content, such as citric fruits, tomatoes, and pickles, can cause enamel erosion.

How can teeth sensitivity be treated?

Treatment usually depends on the cause. The following tips will help lower your risk of developing teeth sensitivity:

  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush 
  • Use a desensitizing toothpaste 
  • Follow proper brushing and flossing technique 
  • Avoid consuming high-acid-content foods and drinks 
  • Use a fluoridated mouth rinse every day
  • Avoid teeth grinding by using night guards 
  • Visit your dentist regularly for treatments like fluoride varnish, sealants, and dental bonding 


Teeth sensitivity is a common dental problem suffered by millions globally. This may be caused by a variety of factors which require prompt treatment. Early detection and treatment help improve your quality of life and oral health. If you suffer from a sudden, sharp, shooting pain consult your dentist for further evaluation.